Auditing is a branch of accounting. It involves the detection and evaluation of accounting irregularities and other problems and then recommends measures for improving the efficiency of the financial records. There are different types of auditing such as internal auditing, third party auditing, external auditing, PQA, and audit committee auditing. The primary purpose of auditing is to ensure compliance with the laws of auditing by the concerned organization and its members, owners, processors, and customers.
If an organization is subject to auditing, then the heads of the Accounting staff or supervisory personnel will need to prepare and submit a written statement to the management requesting the assistance of external auditors. The heads of accounting shall request the external accountant to carry out a review of the financial statements of the concerned organization. The scope of the review that the supervisory staff may decide upon is not restricted to the preparation of reports on the financial reports and accounting irregularities. They may also decide upon the scope of examination and what specific documents they will require from external auditors.
Auditors perform a thorough and in-depth examination of the internal accounting documents and the financial statements. There are some specific requirements that are generally complied with by the companies that are subject to auditing. Firstly, there must be accurate and reliable internal accounting records. The importance of these records cannot be underestimated. In addition, if the companies are unable to comply with the requirements of the international standards on auditing, then they may not be able to meet the requirements of the United States Underwriters Laboratory (USUL).
For a company to be subjected to auditing, they must comply with the requirements of the US Underwriters Laboratory Standard on Auditing. The first requirement is a description of the process of auditing. For this, the accountants will need to comply with the Instructions for Auditing as specified by the International Standards on Auditing (SIA). The next requirement is that the financial statements be prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). These principles are designed to provide accounting information that is reliable, consistent with applicable laws and regulations, and accurate to a reasonable degree.
The next requirement is the results of the investigations that the accountants will conduct. For the operations audit, the inspectors will have to go through the entire process from start to finish. The results of these investigations will be used to determine the nature of any discrepancies or inconsistencies that exist in the accounting records. There are many types of investigations that can be conducted by the accountants.
One type of audit that can be conducted is an examination under Partition, Re-examination or Examination Review. During an examination by a partition, an auditor would examine the internal controls of the procedures followed by the company for auditing. During an examination by an examiner, the auditor would also check the documentation provided by the company during the auditing process. If the results of the investigations conducted indicate discrepancies in the financial statements, the auditor would recommend that one of two things occur. They could warn the company or offer suggestions as to how to correct the problems.
On the other hand, when an examiner conducts an examination review, the aim is to determine whether the procedures followed by the company are adequate for ensuring compliance with applicable laws and regulations. The reports of these examinations will help the management to ensure compliance with relevant laws and regulations. Auditors can issue a warning or a proposal as to what they think should be done about an area that needs to be verified. Generally, the auditors will provide the management with their findings and recommendations.